Roof garden

Great Roof Garden Design

Essentials of Roof Garden Design

Garden Club London specialise in designing and building rooftop gardens. Our roof garden design team know exactly what it takes to deliver beautifully crafted gardens backdropped by some of the most incredible vistas of London’s iconic city skyline. When designing a roof garden in London, several key factors should be taken into consideration to ensure its success and functionality. Here are some important aspects to keep in mind:

Structural Integrity

Before embarking on any rooftop garden project, it is crucial to assess the structural capacity of the building. Consult with a structural engineer to ensure that the building can support the additional weight of the garden, soil, plants, furniture, and other features.

Access and Safety

Determine how people will access the roof garden and consider safety measures. Ensure that there are secure stairways, ramps, or elevators for easy and safe movement. Install guardrails and consider child safety if necessary.

Drainage and Waterproofing

Appropriate drainage and waterproofing systems must be in place to prevent water damage to the building structure. Consult with experts to implement effective drainage solutions, waterproof membranes, and irrigation systems that cater to the unique conditions of your rooftop.

Sunlight and Shade

Understand the sun and shade patterns of the roof garden area. Take note of nearby buildings, obstructions, and the orientation of the space. This understanding will help determine suitable plant choices and design features that optimize sunlight exposure and shade as needed.

Wind Exposure

Consider the impact of wind on the roof garden. Strong winds can damage plants and affect the comfort of garden users. Use windbreaks, screens, and strategically placed structural elements to mitigate wind exposure and create a more pleasant environment.

Plant Selection

Choose plant species that are well-adapted to the specific microclimate of your rooftop. Consider factors such as sunlight availability, wind exposure, soil depth, and weight restrictions. Opt for plants that are low-maintenance, drought-tolerant, and suitable for the desired aesthetic.

Irrigation and Maintenance

Develop an efficient irrigation system to ensure proper hydration for the plants. Consider automated systems that account for London’s rainfall patterns and minimize water waste. Plan for regular garden maintenance, including pruning, watering fertilizing, and overall upkeep.


Incorporate sustainable features into your roof garden, such as rainwater harvesting systems, green roofs, composting, and the use of recycled materials. Aim for biodiversity by providing habitats for birds, butterflies, and bees.

Planning Permissions and Regulations

Ensure compliance with local planning permissions and regulations. Some buildings and areas may have restrictions or guidelines on the installation of roof gardens. Consult with relevant authorities to understand any limitations or requirements.

Aesthetics and Functionality

Design your roof garden to provide an enjoyable outdoor space that reflects your desired aesthetic vision. Consider seating areas, paths, lighting, and other features that make the space functional, welcoming, and comfortable.

Always consult with professional designers and contractors experienced in roof garden design to ensure that your project meets safety standards, complies with regulations, and achieves your desired goals and vision.

a balcony with plants and a railing
a patio with a white table and chairs and plants

With the right selection of pots, plants, and creative touches, you can create a harmonious and captivating balcony space that reflects your personal style. Contact us for a consultation and we can make the most of your outdoor space and create a relaxing place to escape from it all and enjoy nature.


Look through some of our Roof Garden case studies here….